The future of farming: How is robotics revolutionising the food and beverage industry?

Helen Henshaw - CAO
15th March 2023

As the world continues to advance technologically, more and more industries are beginning to explore the possibilities of automation. One area that is particularly transforming rapidly is that of food production, with some experts predicting robots will soon take up a large portion of roles traditionally done by humans.

In this article, we’ll look at UK Research and Innovation’s (UKRI) recent £12.5m funding effort towards robotic farming solutions and explore how robotics could revolutionise the food and beverage industry in the most sustainable way.


The Growing Demand for Sustainable Farming


The future of farming is bright, and one of the key drivers of this growth is the increasing demand for sustainable farming practices. Consumers are becoming more aware of the environmental impact of their food choices, and they are increasingly choosing to purchase products that have been produced using sustainability-minded methods.

This demand for sustainable agriculture is being driven by a number of factors, including population growth, climate change, and the ever-increasing scarcity of resources. As the world’s population continues to grow, there will be an ever-increasing need for food. At the same time, climate change is resulting in an unpredictable and often hostile growing environment, which necessitates new approaches to farming if we are to maintain food security. And finally, as resources like water become scarcer, it is essential that we use them more efficiently and consciously.

Sustainable farming practices offer a viable solution to all these challenges. Sustainable agriculture is an approach to producing food that minimises environmental impact while maximising economic and social benefits. This means producing food in a way that conserves resources, supports local communities, and protects natural ecosystems.

There are several ways to achieve sustainable agriculture, but one of the most promising is through the use of robotics. Robotics technology has revolutionised a number of industries already, and it has the potential to do the same for agriculture. Robotics offers several advantages for farmers working to achieve sustainability:

  1. Robots can work long hours without tiring, reducing labour costs and increasing productivity.
  2. They can help reduce the amount of water and fertilisers used, as well as reduce soil erosion.
  3. They can provide precision farming techniques to ensure that the right number of resources are used in the right places.
  4. Robots can also help reduce crop losses through early detection of pests or diseases.

The combination of robots, sustainable farming techniques, and conscious consumer choices is going to be essential for achieving global food security in the future. As demand for sustainable products continues to increase, farmers will need to embrace technologies like robotics if they are going to succeed in this new age of agriculture.


What is Robotic Farming?


In recent years, robotics has begun to revolutionise many different industries – and farming is no exception. Robotic farming involves the use of various types of robots to carry out tasks that are typically done by human workers. This type of technology can potentially increase yields while reducing labour costs.

Robots are already being used in various agricultural activities including:

  • Planting and harvesting crops
  • Applying fertilizers and herbicides
  • Weeding and cultivating fields
  • Sorting/grading produce
  • Monitoring soil, temperature, and other conditions
  • Sanitation and pest management.

As robotic technology continues to improve and become more cost-effective, its use in the farming industry is likely to grow. Ultimately, robotic farming could allow for more precise, efficient, and sustainable agricultural production – helping to feed the world’s ever-growing population.


Benefits of Robotic Farming


Robotic farming offers several potential benefits over traditional methods of agriculture. One key benefit is the potential for increased efficiency and productivity. In addition, robotic systems can be designed to operate in difficult or dangerous environments, such as those with hazardous chemicals or extreme temperatures.

Additionally, robots can be used to specifically target pests and weeds, reducing the need for harmful pesticides and herbicides. By automating repetitive tasks, robotic systems have the potential to reduce the amount of time and labour required for farming operations, freeing up farmers to focus on other tasks.

Finally, as food safety remains a major concern for consumers, and the number one issue that food manufacturers need to tackle, according to new research by Tetra Pak, robotic technologies have the potential to improve food safety by reducing contact between humans and food products.


Challenges to Implementing and Sustaining a Robotic Farm


Robotics offers a promising solution to many of the challenges facing the food and beverage industry. For example:

The food and farming sector has been suffering from acute labour shortages due principally to Brexit and the covid-19 pandemic. In August 2021, the number of vacancies was estimated to be 500,000 out of 4.1 million roles in the sector.

The use of robotics can help offset this labour shortage by performing tasks that are difficult or dangerous for humans. However, there are significant challenges to implementing and sustaining a robotic farm.



Robotics technology is still relatively new and expensive. For example, a typical agricultural robot milking machine costs in the region of £100,000 to £120,000; a considerable outlay when multiplied up to match the herd size.

Often there are additional costs, such as a new shed for example, where farmers with 100 milkers can spend up to £300,000 in total just for installation. And although robotics can often last much longer, farmers need to budget to replace them every 10 to 15 years.



Many farmers lack the infrastructure needed to support robotics technology. For example, electricity and Internet access are often unavailable or unreliable in rural areas. This can make it difficult to operate and maintain robotic equipment.


Public perception

There is a perception that robotic farms are cold and impersonal. This perception may be because robots are often associated with industrial applications such as manufacturing. Farmers must work to change this perception by demonstrating how robotics can be used to produce healthy food in a sustainable way.


How does this affect the supply chain, especially food wholesalers and distributors?


Wholesalers and distributor companies will have to adapt their business models to account for the increased use of robotics in farming. They will need to find ways to source food from farms that are using robots and other automated systems. Additionally, they will need to ensure that their distribution networks are able to handle the increased volume of food that will be produced using these methods.

The foodservice industry is under immense pressure to adopt sustainable practices. Wholesalers and distributors will have to be aware of new sustainability standards, such as reducing their carbon footprints by using technology like electric vehicles or offering organic and ethical food options that can trace back to their source.

To maintain a successful supply chain and remain competitive in the industry, wholesalers and distributors must find ways to incorporate these changes into their existing operations. It is likely that there will be an increased focus on control systems and monitoring processes within distribution networks to reduce waste and ensure efficiency throughout the supply chain.


How UKRI’s £12.5m Investment Can Help Farmers Utilize Robotics


UKRI’s £12.5 million investment in agricultural robotics is part of a larger effort to explore how robotics can revolutionise the food and beverage industry. The UKRI has said this specific investment represents its commitment to helping improve productivity on farms, creating more sustainable farming practices, improving animal welfare and food quality through data collection and reducing labour demands and input costs.

The UK government’s research council believes that there is a real potential for robots to help farmers increase yields and reduce costs. The use of robotics in agriculture has been increasing in recent years, with many commercial companies now offering services that use robots for tasks such as crop monitoring and inspection, weed control, and even milk production.

However, there are still many challenges to overcome before agricultural robotics can be widely adopted. One of the biggest challenges is developing robots that can operate autonomously in complex outdoor environments. Another challenge is ensuring that the robots can accurately carry out tasks such as picking fruit or vegetables without damaging them.

UKRI’s investment will help to fund research that will address these challenges and develop robotic systems that can be used on farms in the UK.  UKRI’s investment will help to fund research that will address these challenges and develop robotic systems that can be used on farms in the UK.  The investment also includes a robotics and automation competition that focuses specifically on agriculture and horticultural production and forms part of the Farming Innovation Programme.

This will ultimately help to improve the efficiency of farming operations and reduce the need for manual labour. In addition, it is hoped that the use of robotics on farms will lead to improved animal welfare as well as environmental benefits by reducing chemical inputs and soil disturbance.




The future of farming is being revolutionised by robotics, providing farmers with many new opportunities to increase the efficiency and sustainability of their operations. By leveraging robotic technology in agriculture, producers can reduce waste, automate tedious tasks, and gain greater insight into their production processes.

As robots become smarter and more capable these opportunities will only continue to grow. The food and beverage industry is already seeing the positive effects from this new wave of agricultural innovation – this trend is set to further benefit both consumers and farmers alike as robotics continues developing rapidly in the years ahead.